Misconceptions, Misperceptions, Cognitive Biases, and Confirmation Biases in Non-Human Animal Studies

To err is human. At times we misconceive and/or misperceive situations. Our brain has built-in cognitive biases. And we also have confirmation biases that we are usually unaware of. For this reason the blind experiment has become fundamental to the scientific method. An anthropologist cannot be a participant-observer of any people without that participation having…

Only Thing We Have to Fear Is Fear Itself

“Only Thing We Have to Fear Is Fear Itself.” I once heard that quote–taken from FDR’s First Inaugural Address–and I thought it was one of the deepest philosophical statements I had ever heard come out of the mouth of a politician. Fear is an emotion induced by a perceived threat which evokes the flight or…

Can Free Will Be An Illusion?

My son sees a problem inherent to the statement, “Free will is an illusion.” He correctly pointed out that the term illusion is commonly used to refer to a misconception of something that exists. Whereas, nothing exists that can be misconceived as free will. For example, there are logical snares in the statement, “Thor is…

Daughter-In-Law and Granddaughter – Penny Prostitutes

Something or someone has caused my son to start believing that, should he happen to move to a state or country where prostitution hadn’t been made illegal, then his wife and daughter would run wildly into the streets in an effort to sell for mere pennies indiscriminate sexual services to passing strangers. My son is…

Humans Versus Inorganic AI Machines

Originally when one thought of a robot one thought of a machine programmed to run in a specific manner and couldn’t deviate from the program code except when instructions were received from an outside source that changed the initial programming. That was before the advent of AI. Machines can now be built that don’t require…

Communication

The foremost aspect of the communication process is first being conditioned with emotion and images in association to the method of communication to be use. This is relatively easy for humans because our evolutionary history has given us a good memory and made us good vocalizes (and gesturers). Of course, what benefit is having good…

IN RE: HUMAN BEINGS–A DIFFICULT SUBJECT

Ron Toczek said, “‘The politics of governing a body of human beings is made difficult because each human sees HIS own drives and wants differently from any other human and also prioritizes those drives and wants differently from other humans and also thinks that HIS drives, wants and prioritizations are more important than all the…